Ailing Tigers Of India

Posted on

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

According to the data on Wild tiger deaths released by National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA), 63 tiger were killed in India in 2013.  It’s slightly less as compared to 72 Tigers lost in 2012, but the number itself is a major cause of concern. The graph below shows major reasons for tiger loss in 2013 with corresponding number of tigers lost due to it.

Tiger Deaths

For further details, one could read the article published in, The Hindu Newspaper, on 2nd Jan 2014.

India is known to have had 40,000+ tigers in beginning of the 20th century, but the hunting done by then ruling British Government officials and Maharajahs of India in name of ‘Sport Hunting’ lead to sharp decline of Tiger population. Advent of fire arms, during the British Raj in India, had a major part to play in decline of Tigers. On an average 380-400 tigers were killed annually just for the sake of hunting expeditions, and later on the wretched creature’s skin was kept as a trophy.

Another reason for this downfall was rapid encroachment of forest area. Before Independence, deforestation was carried out as wood was required for British Naval ships etc and open area was required to setup new colonies that could house Britishers. In 1947, India got independence from the British rule, but the rapid growth in Indian population resulted in even more encroachment; more land was needed for farming purposes as there were more mouths to feed and almost all the rural population was depended on wood from the forests to support their daily livelihood. But it didn’t stop the Tigers from getting hunted. According to some reports, a tiger was killed just for a bounty of Rs. 30 to Rs. 45.

This is important to mention that, when on one side some Britishers were hunting for Tigers just for the sake of the sport, on the other side some Britishers were advocating against it. Two of these men are, F.W.Champion and Jim Corbett.

India was not far from initiating special measures towards Tiger conservation. In 1973, as per request and advise from a WWF trustee, then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi initiated “Project Tiger“. During the inauguration of this project, she spelt out her political will:

” But the tiger cannot be preserved in isolation. It is at the apex of a large and complex biotope. Its habitat, threatened by human intrusion, commercial forestry and cattle grazing must first be made inviolate. Forestry practices designed to squeeze the last rupee out of our jungle, must be radically oriented least within our national parks and sanctuaries and pre-eminently in our tiger reserves. The narrow outlook of the accountant must give way to a wider vision of recreational, educational, and ecological value of totally undisturbed areas of our wilderness. Is it beyond our political will and administrative ingenuity to set aside about one to two per cent of our forest in their pristine glory for this purpose?”

As one can see from the graph below, since the beginning of the project, the tiger population showed tremendous growth till 1990’s. There was a sharp decrease in 1993 and this number was somewhat maintained till 2002. But shockingly, there was an exponential drop in 2006 and the project is still struggling to increase the numbers bit by bit. Main cause for this downfall is attributed to increase in poaching activities, which was a resultant of increase in demand of tiger body parts for production of traditional Chinese medicines etc. And ofcourse, the number released by the government bodies cant be fully trusted, as we learned from the Sariska Reserve cover up.

Tiger count

All things said, various initiatives launched by tiger conservation authorities, like National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA), have resulted in increase in tiger population since 2006.  And now the new tiger census measure launched in 2013 by NTCA will help us have a better idea towards the actual number of tigers in India. Every tiger spotted in the 2013-2014 census will have to pass through three tests including camera trap and DNA testing of tiger scat to minimize duplicate counting. The new population estimate will also help the NTCA to expand its digital database of tigers and make a first comparative analysis on individual tigers. Every tiger caught on camera will be given a unique identification number based on their stripe patterns using computer software and a database maintained for the entire country. They already have picture database of 80% of tigers living inside 42 reserves.

In the end, we can only hope that all the measures taken and efforts being made toward tiger conservation works out. As they say, charity begins at home, by publishing this small articles i am taking another step toward making people aware of the appalling condition of our Bengal tigers. I believe you’ll do your part too.

Peace!

-Self

Advertisements

About Anish Nair

www.lifeasweshowit.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

An Attic full of Stories.

Simply straightforward. It is a gibberish-free zone.

vivaviamedia

finding the middle road....

MyLifeKaahani

Real stories which teach me about life

Hiking Photography

Beautiful photos of hiking and other outdoor adventures.

midnightmantra

Just another WordPress.com site

Deep Thinkings

It's time we start thinking about our lives

Rants.

Realizations & Revelations.

Long versions.

Disease of a curious mind...

Have A Dream

Our key to success is making our dreams come true.

To Be Aware

It's all about disbelieving your thoughts

onlymedotme4

enjoy your life to the fullest, but of course love and greatly fear God.

Living with a damaged skull

Sriram Janak - Photography

Hearing With The Eye

Books, Music and Travel - The three pillars of my life...

KatrinaLabra

Of Something, Something and Something

Too Much Drama

This is where the art takes place!

bottledworder

easy reading is damn hard writing

Writing The Girl

All these things...

Lightningpen's Blog

Imagination becomes art when passion tricks insecurity

No Tall Stories

A blog for short story writers, poets and readers.

Meandmylovelyhome

My Home, Poetry And Photography

the new zablogar

This is as naked as I will ever get in front of so many people.

Think.Feel.Write.

A reflection of thoughts.

chester maynes

Poetry and Poems

ineffablemrjones

Just another WordPress.com site

grattan95

Just another WordPress.com site

The Sacred Art of Language

Mystic Poetry, Reflections and Confessions

notokinthehead

Walk with me on my journey...

Mercedes Guy

Author and Mermaid

Espen Stenersrød- From Pen To Heart

Jack Kerouac with a scent of Henry Vaughn

Source of Inspiration

All is One, co-creating with the Creator

khaula mazhar

"I don't suffer from insanity, but enjoy every minute of it" Edgar Allan Poe

Extensions into Subreality

Or some sort of weave...

thetravelerpoems

the thoughts,tales and trials of the traveler

Lindsaythomas20's Blog

Just another WordPress.com site

ellefeeney.wordpress.com/

DIYs, Gardening, and Adventures on Prince Edward Island

dramberbokhari

Welcome to Amber's Abode... a warm fireplace, steaming cups of coffee and tiny chocolte eclairs. Settle down to heartfelt conversations and songs of a youthful heart. Laugh heartily and let your tears flow freely. Welcome home!

The WordPress.com Blog

The latest news on WordPress.com and the WordPress community.

%d bloggers like this: